|Canary Melon||3.000 Tonnes|
|Tomato branch||3.500 Tonnes|
Mandarins are citrus fruits grown in the autumn. In autumn, with the changes in temperature and the reduced hours of daylight, our bodies are more prone to infections due to a sharp drop in our defences.
As it is a citrus fruit, the mandarin has a high vitamin C concentration; a powerful antioxidant vitamin that prevents damage caused by “free radicals” and reinforces our immune system. As a result, the risk of catching an infectious disease like the flu is reduced. The mandarin also contains folic acid and a high percentages of provitamin A, more abundant here than in any other citrus fruit.
The pulp contains vitamin C, vitamin B, citric acid, reducing sugar and carotene. Its skin has essential and glucoside oils and its seeds have fatty oils, proteins and bitter substances.
It has bronchodilator and anti-inflammatory properties ideal for treating ulcers, helping the intestines and digestion.
It is so easy to peal and eat a mandarin that it has become a favourite food for children, and because of their sweet, refreshing taste and nutritious properties that that they provide, its consumption must be encouraged for all ages. Its pleasing sweetness and mild acidic taste, together with the smoothness of its pulp make the mandarin one of the most popular citrus fruits in the world.
Although it contains less vitamin C that other citrus fruits, it is still an excellent source of this vitamin. We know for certain that this vitamin helps to combat infections, stimulating the formation of antibodies and activating “phagocytes” (a cell capable of taking over germs and foreign cells and destroying them inside it). Cancer, AIDS, infectious and inflammatory diseases like rheumatism, cause the concentration of vitamin C in our blood to be reduced. It is therefore in the best interest of people in such cases to ensure sufficient vitamin C intake in the diet. Other situations in which the requirements are higher are: smoking, alcoholism, the use of certain drugs, pregnancy and breastfeeding, emotional or environmental stress, and intense practice of sports. In each of these cases, habitual consumption of mandarins is especially recommended. For the rest of the population, eating them can bring more benefits during the winter months and during the changeover of seasons, when ups and downs in the defence system are frequent and we are prone to colds or infections.
Mandarins are one of the fruits with the most carotenoids present in its composition; they provide beta-cryptoxanthin and beta-carotene in overwhelming quantities. The antioxidant activity of these phytochemical elements and vitamin C give this fruit psychological properties that, strictly speaking, go beyond nutritional value. Antioxidants combat harmful effects of free radicals, substances responsible for the development of cardiovascular and degenerative illnesses and cancer.
In the case of iron-deficiency anaemia, consuming mandarins along with foods rich in iron or supplements of this kind is very useful, since the vitamin C that they bring increases iron absorption and this speeds up the recovery.